The architecture of green house has caused a vast breakthrough in the farming ideology. Green house is an antidote to midwinter blues and uncertain rains, with a controlled environment we are now able to conduct production all year round effectively.
Here are some interesting insights to make your venture more productive at ease with the help of Internet of Things.
Ventilation is one of the most important aspect of green house where we need to maintain certain parameters such as temperature, humidity, moisture, carbon-dioxide and electricity at an optimal level, so it does not harm the growth of the plant.
Temperature sensors can be used in green house to monitor the temperature, if the temperature exceeds or decreases the optimal temperature, thereby alerting the user. It can automatically regulate the temperature as set the requirement and in case the temperature drops or raises.
Carbon dioxide is the main component of photosynthesis, CO2 sensors can sense the amount of CO2 in the green house and alert the user in case of any decrease in it.It can also sense the amount of CO2 consumed by the plant.
Humidity sensors can be used in green house to monitor the humidity in the house, if the humidity increases or decreases, it can alert the user.
Soil moisture plays an important role in the growth of a plant. Moisture sensors detects the amount of moisture in the soil. Soil moisture sensors which is connected to the plant detects the low moisture in the soil and automatically open the tap or can suck the water from the tank which is connected.
Electricity is also important to a greenhouse since the ventilation is provided artificially.User can use IoT to switch to an alternative in case of power cut.
Light entering the green house or artificially provided light is very important.High intensity light can cause the death of the plant or low intensity light may not support the respiration.User can automatically turn on the light if the intensity is low or turn off the light automatically if the intensity is less.
HEALTH OF A PLANT
Health and growth of each plant is very important for the success of the greenhouse. To make sure the plant is not effected by the bacteria and the growth of the plant is normal we can use cameras that can capture pictures of the plant regularly.A camera will be connected to all the plants which captures the picture of each plant and sends it to the user by which user can find the plant that is in trouble and take a quick action on it.
PIR sensors can sense the amount of infrared rays entering the green house and can alert the user if the range exceeds the desired range.
Oxygen is a valuable output given by the plants, which can be measured with the help of oxygen sensors.Oxygen sensors can be connected to every plant and measure the amount of oxygen released by a plant per day.
LIMITED USE OF WATER
Minimal use of water is a challenge in green house. User can automatically turn off the tap when the plants are watered for certain level.User can also turn on the tap when it is needed.This can be achieved by using proximity sensors.
CONTROLLED USE OF PESTICIDES
Excessive use of pesticides may reduce the growth of the plant or may even cause the death of the plant.User can be alerted when the level of pesticide increases using proximity sensors.
All these sensors are connected to a single platform such as IoT Sense. User connected to the network can get real time details about the green house which can be used for future analytics. All the vital sensor data will be available to authorised users via internet. This data can be then be converted to the desired format for easy understanding.
Thus IoT allows us to work together in managing health and nutrition in precision agriculture via remote access.